1 - How did your first book change your life? How does your most recent work compare to your previous? How does it feel different?
My first full book (as opposed to chapbook) was A Porcelain Cup Placed There (Coach House Press, 1979). Most of the books at Coach House, at that time, were seen through the press by a single editor. My first book was chosen by the editorial collective, which I believe then comprised bpNichol and Michael Ondaatje, among other well-known writers; so it gave me confidence to proceed investigating the type of writing in which I was engaged, which for lack of a better term could be called ‘experimental’. It’s difficult to compare that first book with what I’m writing now, because as a writer, I have no 'style', no 'voice'. Ever since I read Charles Olson and his essays on projectivist verse, I proceeded to explore the relationship between form and content. In my reading of Olsen, I perceived that he felt form and content should reflect one another; that content should determine form and, likewise, form should determine content in an organic way. This, to me, was a methodolgy to free me from the constraints of 'style' and 'voice'. It meant that I could write content in various forms, and create forms to house content. I was free from the 'authority' of the Author's voice, the narcissism that demands each work should 'sound' the same, be stamped in the author's 'style'. So I’ve felt free to write lyric poetry, experimental fiction, to compose sound poetry and concrete poetry, to pursue story-telling in various genres, as well as extreme avant-garde long-poems.
2 - How did you come to fiction first, as opposed to, say, poetry or non-fiction?
I didn’t. I began writing both fiction and poetry at the age of eleven.
3 - How long does it take to start any particular writing project? Does your writing intitially come quickly, or is it a slow process? Do first drafts appear looking close to their final shape, or does your work come out of copious notes?
It varies, depending on the writing project. I’m always writing; in the sense that throughout every day I’m thinking; and a thought inevitably leads to another thought; and these thoughts swirl around in my imagination, taking form in scenarios and language in my mind. It’s a type of osmosis that builds within me until I feel ‘full’; then I sit down to inscribe what’s already there, and it flows out effortlessly, fully-formed, with very little editing needed. At other times, when I want to base my writing in perhaps an historical perspective, I’ll do preliminary research and make notes; but then the notes themselves will enter into that process of osmotic development I just mentioned, because they’re just anchors to ‘reality’, while it’s my imagination that creates the work.
4 - Where does fiction usually begin for you? Are you an author of short pieces that end up combining into a larger project, or are you working on a "book" from the very beginning?
Most of the time my writing develops out of an idea or an intuition. Given the scope of these ideas and intuitions, they necessitate a more comprehensive development; such that most of what I write, whether short or long, is interrelated; so that I’m usually writing in larger macro-structures. Even though I might compose a number of shorter pieces, for instance, they are created out of an imaginative impulse to explore a larger terrain. An example would be my book of short fictions entitled The Pitch (The Mercury Press, 1992), which was a series of pieces that I wrote exploring the schizoid nature of human perception in an assumed reality which as H.P. Lovecraft says is “a set of pictures in the brain, among which there is no difference betwixt those born of real things and those born of inward dreamings.”
5 - Are public readings part of or counter to your creative process? Are you the sort of writer who enjoys doing readings?
Public readings have nothing to do with the art of writing. Writing and reading are antithetical. Writing is a private activity done in the silence of the Self. A public reading of a text is a performance that has little to do with writing, but more to do with the promotion of the Author.
6 - Do you have any theoretical concerns behind your writing? What kinds of questions are you trying to answer with your work? What do you even think the current questions are?
All of the concerns in my writing are on the face of my writing, are representative of my experience of reality, whether immanent or imaginative. If I explore in my writing, for instance, the nature of human perception in relation to language, it’s not theoretical, it’s based on my own perceptions and experiences.
I’m more interested in asking questions, since I believe the possible answers are implied n the questions one posits. My current question is: will my writing continue to grow each year like the perennial gardens I have planted in the yards around my home and which I tend carefully and knowledgeably.
7 - What do you see the current role of the writer being in larger culture? Does s/he even have one? What do you think the role of the writer should be?
rob – what do you mean by “larger culture”? Do you mean populist or popular culture, or mainstream media-recognized culture. However, in response, I don’t believe in a “larger culture” because since the beginning of the 20th century, and if, in fact, you mean “art” instead of “culture”, creative expression in the arts has continued to fragment, until at this point we find ourselves in a situation of many niches. From literature to music, there is such a unique proliferation of creative expression (and given the means to explore and availability of these expressions through the internet) that “larger culture” has become untenable if not impossible. If by “larger culture”, you mean all those readers who await the next pronouncement of Margaret Atwood – that’s just marketing and iconography.
8 - Do you find the process of working with an outside editor difficult or essential (or both)?
Neither – a good editor will teach me what I’ve missed in revising my own manuscripts. A good editor, when you’re at my level of writing, is sensitive to the work and doesn’t want to change it; rather gives good advice regarding grammatical subtleties or linguistic expression.
9 - What is the best piece of advice you've heard (not necessarily given to you directly)?
“We have only moments to live.” – Jon Kabat-Zinn
10 - What kind of writing routine do you tend to keep, or do you even have one? How does a typical day (for you) begin?
I don’t believe in routine. See my answer to Question 3.
11 - When your writing gets stalled, where do you turn or return for (for lack of a better word) inspiration?
My own personal history is quite unusual in this regard. Every time I’ve been “stalled” or “blocked” in my writing have been occasions of illness, usually a severe flu. The illness has allowed me to break through the “block”, as if I needed the vulnerability of being ill to be free of constraints.
12 - If there was a fire, what's the first thing you'd grab?
My family and cats.
13 - David W. McFadden once said that books come from books, but are there any other forms that influence your work, whether nature, music, science or visual art?
14 - What other writers or writings are important for your work, or simply your life outside of your work?
There is nothing that is important “for” my work. If you are implying or mean what writers have or writing has influenced my work or that I greatly respect, I would say: Claude Simon, Alain Robbe-Grillet, Gertrude Stein, Franz Kafka, J.G. Ballard, Richard Matheson, et. al.
15 - What would you like to do that you haven't yet done?
Publish another book.
16 - If you could pick any other occupation to attempt, what would it be? Or, alternately, what do you think you would have ended up doing had you not been a writer?
17 - What made you write, as opposed to doing something else?
Since most writers in Canada cannot sustain themselves financially through their writing. So I’ve always pursued my livelihood through other means. For the last 20 years I’ve worked for the Canadian Music Centre as the producer of their sound recording label Centrediscs and the Manager of their Distribution Service for independent labels. I love contemporary concert music that has evolved out of a rich classical tradition.
18 - What was the last great book you read? What was the last great film?
19 - What are you currently working on?