1 - How did your first book change your life? How does your most recent work compare to your previous? How does it feel different?
I published three chapbooks before I published a full-length collection. Publishing thrilled me. I could not tell how insufficient the writing was or how little it mattered “out there” that I had taken a legitimate step toward becoming what I wanted to be. When I finally had a collection accepted by a university press in a series that didn’t last long, it was instrumental in me getting a job that situated me in a place where people were reading and writing and discussing books on a routine basis, which is the place where I am today. My little red book gave me a shot at joining the brotherhood and sisterhood of writers. I was in my early thirties, not so precocious.
2 - How did you come to poetry first, as opposed to, say, fiction or non-fiction?
I didn’t mean to, but when I submitted pages of “stuff” to a graduate program its utter lack of intelligibility fused with my wordwhoriness and knack for transcribing speech drenched in a regional accent – cast my lot with poetry. I learned to more or less arbitrarily arrange the material into free verse stanzas and affix a title. Very rudimentary. Once I encountered the poetry of Frank Stanford, I at least glimpsed what I was aspiring to--something tender and wild and hard to categorize.
3 - How long does it take to start any particular writing project? Does your writing initially come quickly, or is it a slow process? Do first drafts appear looking close to their final shape, or does your work come out of copious notes?
There’s not a thing about this process that comes easy. I sweat and suffer every syllable.
4 - Where does a poem usually begin for you? Are you an author of short pieces that end up combining into a larger project, or are you working on a "book" from the very beginning?
I like the book. I like to make a book. That’s where my ambition comes in.
5 - Are public readings part of or counter to your creative process? Are you the sort of writer who enjoys doing readings?
Readings are social. They terrify me, but I do love the contact. I am not the best listener. When I attend a reading, it is not to listen, but to hear and to see someone render their words physical. When I want to listen to them, I sit down with their words in private. Listening is not social.
6 - Do you have any theoretical concerns behind your writing? What kinds of questions are you trying to answer with your work? What do you even think the current questions are?
I think too subjectively and concretely to grasp the tailfeathers of a theory. The famous title of Gauguin’s famous painting, “Where do we come from? What are we? Where are we going?” – those questions are still worth contemplating. Lately, I have been taken with the famous title of Goya’s most famous Capricho, “The Sleep of Reason Produces Monsters” prompting me to wonder if the sleep of monsters might produce reason, and more worrily, do monsters ever sleep?
7 – What do you see the current role of the writer being in larger culture? Does s/he even have one? What do you think the role of the writer should be?
We are always being edged out. Very well then, from the edge, give “them” hell. The more irrelevant language is treated, the more central it should be.
8 - Do you find the process of working with an outside editor difficult or essential (or both)?
Old-school editing may come into play at a big house with a young writer who has potentially written a hit. With a small house, it is a question of fresh blood that can be put in circulation if it is filtered. This what I think, editing is most essential to bringing new writers into the frame.
9 - What is the best piece of advice you've heard (not necessarily given to you directly)?
Advice I could actually apply has most often come in the form of an indirect message attached to something a writer or other artist has said in my company or any number of statements a writer or other artist has put down, usually with respect to their own process. I remember Angela Carter saying that when asked about dialogue, she admitted she had never been very good at it; so she tried to use as little speech as possible. Or Marianne Moore writing, “If you tell me why the fen is impassable, I then will tell you why I think that I can cross it if I try.” Or Barbara Guest, “A poem should tremble a little.” Or Samuel Beckett, “To find a form that accommodates the mess…” Picasso, “To have so much technique that it completely ceases to exist. The technique does its job and you have only to busy yourself with what you are trying to find.” A cast of quotes stands in now for whatever anyone said to me with the goal of instruction, which is not to say that people did not say things to me I found useful – I just have not retained them if I have not specifically recorded them.
10 - How easy has it been for you to move between genres (poetry to critical prose)? What do you see as the appeal?
I don’t move between genres so much as I live there. It took a long time to find my habitat.
11 - What kind of writing routine do you tend to keep, or do you even have one? How does a typical day (for you) begin?
12 - When your writing gets stalled, where do you turn or return for (for lack of a better word) inspiration?
13 - What fragrance reminds you of home?
In Rhode Island, it is the salted air from the Bay. In my original home, maybe, skunk which I always find interesting and somewhat fetching (though there is a very specific skunk pocket near the town line, next to Hundred Acre Cove. I would guess at least five generations have manufactured their scent at the location since we’ve lived here).
14 - David W. McFadden once said that books come from books, but are there any other forms that influence your work, whether nature, music, science or visual art?
I like to look. I really like to look.
15 - What other writers or writings are important for your work, or simply your life outside of your work?
So many, it may be fruitless to start naming. I can manage a random roster. The first contemporary to impact on me was Frank Stanford. The Battlefield Where the Moon Says I Love You took the top of my head off. It instilled in me a love for the raw, untamable, unstoppable word. Stanford introduced me to a lot of poetry, including Merwin, whose poetry has abided by me. A single poem has carried me (“The Day Lady Died”) to the next station. Single books have set my compass in rotation. When I first moved to California I picked up a book by Ron Silliman, Ketjak. Hmmm, the city. While I was living out there, a friend who owned a wonderful bookstore in Palo Alto introduced me to The Collected Books of Billy the Kid. Magic act. My husband published a chapbook-length poem twenty years ago Eggplants and Lotus Roots that churned inside me. Cole Swensen published a wee, glowing book called Park. About seven years ago Forrest gave me Inger Christensen’s alphabet; it sort of saved me, that time. He turned my head toward Creeley and Oppen, and scores of others. I reap from what he weeds. All who knew him, who knew the music are grieving the death of singer-songwriter Vic Chesnutt. I have been listening to him in the car, on the computer, in the kitchen. No better lyricist. A massive talent.
I think I’ll stop with Vic.